Stem cell therapy and its potential for orthopedic and spinal cord injury

Stem cell therapy involves the use of stem cells to cure the diseases. Stem cells are taken from bone marrow and umbilical cord. The stem cells can generate themselves under laboratory conditions. They can reproduce without any defect and can give millions of new cells. These cells can also grow into specified cells like heart muscle cells, or brain cells. They fight the damaged cells and replace them in the body part where they are injected. They can be used to treat diseases like diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer, heart and many other diseases.

The list of the diseases, which can be treated with stem cells, is still very small. The most extensive used stem cell treatment is the use of stem cell for blood transplantation for treating some blood related disease or to build the blood system after cancer treatment. Similarly, the bone, skin and eye injuries are treated with implanted tissues. The use of stem cells is done with this implanted tissue. The use of stem cells in these two both treatments are safe and clinically tested.

spinal-cord

The clinical testing is being done on host of other disease to fully understand the effect of stem cells. Scientists also believe that stem cells found in one tissue, cannot, make cells found in other tissue, without laboratory manipulation. So it is still not clear, whether the stem cells found in one tissue can treat other diseases. But scientists are using other techniques to make certain specified cells using embryonic cells. But directly these cells cannot be directed into the body.  They need careful guidance to become the specified cells.

The injection of bone marrow Stem Cells Treatment for Spinal Cord Injury cells into injured spinal cord cells has shown the potential to treat the diseases. But these experiments were conducted on the animals. It is yet to be seen whether the injection of bone marrow cell can improve the neurologic function of spinal cord in human beings. Some improvements were noted in some patients but the further trials are needed to know the full impact of stem cells in spinal injuries.

Orthopedic surgeons are focusing their attention on mesenchymal stem cells.  These cells are obtained from living adult tissue.

Bone marrow stromal cells Stem Cells Treatment for Orthopedic are mesenchymal stem cells, which can under proper lab conditions, become the cells of the musculosketal system.  They can develop into trabecular bone, articular cartilage, and other parts of the bone marrow. Most of the cases to test the efficacy of stem cells to treat the orthodontic cases are done in laboratories.

Stem cell trial is being used to treat bone fractures, healing ligaments, replacing degenerative vertebral disks and for other arthritic points. The most successful trials are needed to make the stem cell procedures common for human beings, the cancer treatment and detection will become easy with the knowledge gained from stem cells science.

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